Baixa Pombalina Lisboa
Baixa Pombalina, or, more simply put, Baixa, is a district of Lisbon and one of the most popular even, at least from a tourist point of view. The prestige of Baixa does not lie exclusively in its tourist reputation, but also in the fact it is one of the first and most faultless earthquake-resistant urban planning and construction examples in Europe. Indeed, the Baixa district was completely renovated after the massive cataclysmic incident in 1755 (earthquake, tsunami and fire), and it is to the first Marquis of Pombal (from where the name “Pombalina” derives), Sebastiao Jose de Carvalho e Melo, that Baixa owes much of its present look and patrimony. The district enjoys a virtually central location, extending between the Tagus River and the Liberty Avenue (Avenida da Liberdade), neighboring at the same time on the Alfama district. It is replete with architectural marvels and aesthetically pleasing sets, being deemed the most elegant of all districts in Lisbon. Baixa is simultaneously the shopping and banking district of the city, but the bottom line is it stands out as one of the highest rated tourist hotspots in the capital of Portugal.